The Notion of Image Schemas in Kurdish Proverbs


  • Kobeen R. Mustafa Department of English, College of Language, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region – F.R. Iraq
  • Zeki S. Ali Hamawand Department of English Language, College of Education, University of Kirkuk, Republic of Iraq– F.R. Iraq



Cognitive Linguistics, Cognitive Semantics, Image schema, Proverb


This study examines the notion of image schemas in selected Kurdish proverbs. As used in Cognitive Semantics, image schemas refer to conceptual structures that represent recurring patterns in our experience of the physical and psychological world. They are abstract concepts consisting of patterns emerging from repeated instances of embodied experience. Examples of image schemas include CONTAINER, PATH, FORCE, SCALE and CYCLE schemas. Applied to Kurdish proverbs, it is argued that image schemas serve as the basis for organizing knowledge and reasoning about the world. They are derived from concrete physical experiences that are projected onto abstract concepts. The aim of the study then is to show how image schemas provide the basis for richly detailed lexical concepts. One interesting finding is that image schemas arise directly from sensory and perceptual experience. They are functions of Kurdish speakers’ everyday interaction with and observation of the world around them.


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How to Cite

Mustafa, K. R. ., & Hamawand, Z. S. A. (2024). The Notion of Image Schemas in Kurdish Proverbs. Journal of University of Human Development, 10(1), 59–64.