Activating and managing camping tourism and its role in increasing tourist’s expenditure

A survey of the views of a sample of tourists and tourism experts in the province of Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan Region of Iraq


  • Mohammed Ibrahim Al-Zahawi College of Commerce, University of Sulaymaniyah, Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan, Iraq.
  • Ahmed Taha Bilal College of Management and Economics, University of Sulaymaniyah, Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan, Iraq.
  • Solaf Ezzaldeen Al-Daloy College of Management and Economics, University of Sulaymaniyah, Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan, Iraq.



camping tourism, tourism camp management, tourist spending


This research exposes the correlation and influence between the activation and management of camp tourism. In addition, what is the role of camping to increase tourist spending in the province of Sulaymaniyah in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. To achieve this goal a questionnaire form had been prepared that was incluse all aspects and variables of the research. The distributed numbers of the questionnaire were 76 copies, and then 60 copies were returned and valid for the statistical analysis. They were distributed to a group of tourists in Sulaymaniyah governorate, as well as a number of tourism specialists whom working as a lecturer at University of Sulaimani. Number of statistical methods had been used to examin all hypotheses of the research.

The main results of this reaseach are; according to the reaserch sample, tourists have inadequate information about this kind of turism and this could be applied to the whole our community. In addition, it was found that many places and tourist areas in Sulaymaniyah province are appropriate to establis the tourist camps. Morover, all variables are significanty correlated and the result of regressions wre also significant. It means that if this kind of tourism will be activated and managed properly, then as a result tourist spending will increase.


أولاً/ المصادر العربية:
أ‌- الكتب:
1- العاني، رعد، (2005) ، الوجيز في الجغرافية السياحة وسياحة المخيمات، ط 1، الأردن.
2- دعبس، يسرى، (2001) ، السياحة.. مفهومها وأنماطها وأنوعها المختلفة، ط 1، الملتقى المصري للإبداع والتنمية، مصر.

ب‌- الرسائل والأطاريح:
1- الياسري، أنصاف جعفر، (2002) ، أثر نماذج المسؤولية في التخطيط للتنمية السياحية في العراق، رسالة ماجستير، الجامعة المستنصرية، بغداد، العراق.
2- السامرائي، مها عبدالستار عبدالجبار، (2010)، أسس علمية مقترحة لحساب الدخل السياحي وأثره في الدخل القومي العراقي، رسالة ماجستير، الجامعة المستنصرية، بغداد، العراق.

ت‌- المحاظرات:
1- الزهاوي، محمد، مقتبس من محاضرات الأستاذ محمد الزهاوي "Social Planning" التي ألقيت على طلبة المرحلة الثالثة لقسم هندسة التخطيط العام في الكلية التقنية للعام الدراسي 2010-2011.
ث‌- البرامج التلفزيونية:
1- برنامج خاص عن الأقوام الرحل في دول آسيا الوسطى في القناة الفضائية "National Geographic Abo Dhabi" بتأريخ 28/05/2017.

ثانياً/ المصادر الأجنبية:
A- Periodicals & journals:
1- Thano, Rakela & Kote, Dhonat, (2015) , The tourism consumption, a special economic category of the final demand in Albania and in the countries of the region, EuroEconomica, Vol 34, No 1.
2- Tan, Qihong, (2016) , Research on the Characteristics of Tourism Consumption Based on Network Data: A Urban-rural Perspective, International Journal of Smart Home, Vol. 10, No. 5.

B- Seminars & Workshops:
1- Laimer, Peter, Weiß, Jürgen, (2006) , Data Sources on Tourism Expenditure. The Austrian Experiences Taking into Account The TBoP Requirements, International Workshop on Tourism Statistics.

C- Internet:
12- Outdoor Industry Association, (2017), Outdoor Recreation Economy Report,, Access date (21/02/2018).