متمانەی سياسی لە هەرێمی كوردستان ٢٠١١-٢٠١٣

Authors

  • Hiwa Majeed Khalil Department of Politics Science, College of Law and Political Sciences, University of Salahaddin, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Murad Hakim Mohammed Department of Sociology, College of Arts, University of Salahaddin, Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq
  • Abdul Hakim Khasrw Guzel Department of Politics Science, College of Law and Political Sciences, University of Salahaddin, Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21928/juhd.v3n2y2017.pp150-171

Abstract

The Kurdistan region (KR) suffers from poor studies on the subject of political trust. This research aims to do this. The research investigates on the subject of political trust in the KR, at two levels in period of 2011-2013. Firstly, on the level of political institutions e.g. parliament, government, courts and political parties. Secondly, it addresses the salient political figures. To analyse, the available secondary data at mentioned period have been utilised, which collected by specialized organizations in conducting survey and public opinion. The data covers different geographical locations and variety of samples. The result is that the level of political trust is different between political elites o the one hand, and between political elites and political institutions, on the other. In other words, the same factor in giving trust to an elite or a political institution does not have the same impact or role to provide trust to another elite or institution. In addition, according to the results, in the KR, the trust to the whole political system is in a low level. The trust to political system depends on the trust to political elites, legislative and political institutions.

References

(1) :Aberbach, J, D.,Walker, J, L. (1970) ‘Political Trust and Racial Ideology’, The American Political Science Review, 64(4), PP,1199-1219.
(2) Abramson, P, R., Finifter, A, W. (1981) ‘On the Meaning of Political Trust: New Evidence from Items Introduced in 1978’, American Journal of Political Science, 25(2), pp. 297-307.
(3) Almond, G, A., Verba, S. (1963) The Civic Culture: Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
(4) Baumert, A., Halmburger, A., Rothmund, T., Schemer, C. (2016) ‘Everyday Dynamics in Generalized Social and Political Trust’, Journal of Research in Personality, PP, 1-11.
(5) Church, R, M. (2001) ‘The Effective Use of Secondary Data’, Learning and Motivation, 33, PP. 32–45.
(6) Cole, R, L. (1973) ‘Toward as Model of Political Trust: A Causal Analysis’, American Journal of Political Science, 17(4), pp. 809-817.
(7) Damico, A, J., Conway, M, M., Damico, S, B. (2000) ‘Patterns of Political Trust and Mistrust: Three Moments in the Lives of Democratic Citizens’, Polity, 32(3), pp. 377-400.
(8) Ellinas, A, A., Lamprianou, I. (2014) ‘Political Trust in Extremis’, Comparative Politics, 46(2), pp. 231-250.
(9) Gamson, W, A. (1968) Power and Discontent, Homewood, Ill.: Dorsey.
(10) Hetherington, M, J., Globetti,S. (2002) ‘Political Trust and Racial Policy Preferences’, American Journal of Political Science, 46(2), pp. 253-275.
(11) Hetherington, m, j., Rudolph, T, J. (2008) ‘Priming, Performance, and the Dynamics of Political Trust’, The Journal of Politics, 70(2), pp. 498-512.
(12) Johnson, I. (2005) ‘Political Trust in Societies Under Transformation: A Comparative Analysis of Poland’, International Journal of Sociology, 35(2), pp. 63-84.
(13) Johnston, M, P. (2014) ‘Secondary Data Analysis: A Method of which the Time Has Come’, Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Libraries (QQML), 3, pp. 619 – 626.
(14) Judith Pizarro Andersen, J, P., Prause, J., Roxane Cohen Silver, R, S. (2011) ‘A Step-by-Step Guide to Using Secondary Data for Psychological Research’, Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 5(1), PP. 56–75.
(15) Long-Sutehall, T., Sque, M., Addington-Hall, J. (2011) ‘Secondary analysis of qualitative data: a valuable method for exploring sensitive issues with an elusive population?’, Journal of Research in Nursing ,16(4), pp, 335–344.
(16) Miller, R, L., D Brewer, J. (2003) The A-Z of Social Research: A Dictionary of Key Social Science Research Concepts, London: SAGE.
(17) Mueller, C. E., Hart, C, O. (2010) ‘Effective Use of Secondary Data Analysis in Gifted Education Research: Opportunities and Challenges’, Gifted Children, 4(2), pp, 5-11.
(18) Newton, K. (2001) ‘Trust, Social Capital, Civil Society, and Democracy’, International Political Science Review, 22(2), pp. 201-214.
(19) Rudolph, T, J., Evans, J. (2005) ‘Political Trust, Ideology, and Public Support for Government Spending’, American Journal of Political Science, 49(3), pp. 660-671.

Published

2017-06-30

Issue

Section

Articles