QUEER CRITICISM AS A POST-MODERNIST APPROACH
One of the post-modernist approaches to literary criticism is the queer criticism which has not been evaluated properly. Queer criticism can refer to any piece of literary criticism that interprets a text from a non-straight perspective. Therefore, it includes both lesbian and gay criticism.
The aim of this paper, therefore, is to trace the social and political reasons behind the emergence of Queer criticism in the late twentieth century till it acquired momentum in the twenty-first century. After trying to define the terms related to the Queer criticism, the paper tries to examine the poetics of queer (gay and lesbian) literary works and to point out the main characteristic features of this critical approach by identifying the criteria and the textual evidence by which a literary work is labeled queer. It, also tries to shed light on the common features between queer criticism and feminism, on the one hand, and queer criticism and the deconstructuralist approach on the other hand. The final section of the study is a critique which points out the negative aspects of this approach.
-Bressler, Charles E. Literary Criticism: An Introduction to Theory and Practice. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education, 2007.
-Hornby, A. S. Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary, 7th edition. Oxford: OUP, 2005.
-Jagose, Annamarie Rustom. Queer Theory: An Introduction. New York: New York University Press, 2005.
-Nelson, S. Emmanuel. Contemporary Gay American Poets and Writers: An A-to-Z Guide. London: Greenwood Press, 2003.
-Pickett, Brent L. The A to Z of Homosexuality, (the A to Z Guide Series, No. 122). Plymouth: The Scarecrow Press, Inc., 2009.
- Proulx, Annie Brokeblack Mountain. Dead Line Ltd., 1999.
-Rivkin, Julie and Michael Ryan (eds.). Literary Theory: An Anthology. Malden: Blackwell Publishers Inc., 2000.
- Sember, Brette McWhorter. Gay and Lesbian Rights: A Guide for GLBT Singles, Couples and Families. Naperville: Sphinx Publishing, 2003
-Siker, Jeffrey S. (ed.). Homosexuality and Religion: An Encyclopedia. London: Greenwood Press, 2007.
-Spargo, Tamsin . Foucault and Queer Theory (Postmodern Encounters Series). New York: Totem Books, 2000.
-Tyson, Lois. Critical Theory Today: A User Friendly Guide. New York: Taylor and Francis Group, 2006.
-Yaghoubi, Roya. Key Terms and Theories connected with Postmodernism. Tehran: Rehnama, 2013.