Epileptic Seizures Detection based on Empirical Mode Decomposition and Hilbert-Huang transform of EEG Signal
The electrical activities of brain fluctuate frequently and can be analyzed using electroencephalogram (EEG) signals. We present a new method for classification of ictal and seizure-free intracranial EEG recordings. The proposed method uses the application of multivariate empirical mode decomposition (MEMD) algorithm combines with the Hilbert transform as the Hilbert-Huang transform (HHT) and analyzing spectral energy of the intrinsic mode function of the signal. EMD uses the characteristics of signals to adaptively decompose them to several intrinsic mode functions (IMFs). Hilbert transforms (HTs) are then used to transform the IMFs into instantaneous frequencies (IFs), to obtain the signals time-frequency-energy distributions. Classification of the EEG signal that is epileptic seizure exists or not has been done using support vector machine. The algorithm was tested in 6 intracranial channels EEG records acquired in 9 patients with refractory epilepsy and validated by the Epilepsy Center of the University Hospital of Freiburg. The experimental results show that the proposed method efficiently detects the presence of epileptic seizure in EEG signals and also showed a reasonable accuracy in detection.
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