Comparison between the Effect of Local Katira Gum and Xanthan Gum on the Rheological Properties of Water-based Drilling Fluids

  • Bayan Qadir Sofy Hussein Department of Engineering, Kurdistan Institution for Strategic Study and Scientific Research, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani, Iraq
  • Khalid Mahmood Ismael Sharbazheri Department of Engineering, Kurdistan Institution for Strategic Study and Scientific Research
  • Nabil Adiel Tayeb Ubaid Department of Petroleum and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani, Iraq

Abstract

The rheological properties of drilling fluids have an important role in providing a stable wellbore and eliminating the borehole problems. Several materials including polymers (xanthan gum) can be used to improve these properties. In this study, the effect of the local Katira, as a new polymer, on the rheological properties of the drilling fluids prepared as the bentonite-water-based mud has been investigated in comparison with the conventional xanthan gum. Experimental work was done to study of rheological properties of several gums such as, local katira gum, and xanthan gum bentonite drilling mud. Different samples of drilling fluids are prepared adding the xanthan gum and local katira to the base drilling fluid at different concentrations using Hamilton Beach mixer. The prepared samples are passed through rheological property tests including the apparent viscosity, plastic viscosity, and yield point (YP) under different temperature conditions. The obtained results show that the viscosity is increased from 5 to 8.5 cp and YP is increased from 18.5 to 30.5 lb/100 ft2, with increasing the concentration of the xanthan gum from 0.1 to 0.4. However, the effect of the local katira in increasing the viscosity and YP is lower compared with the xanthan gum, which are ranged between 5–6 cp and 18.5–20.5 cp.

References

[1] K. L. Goyal. “A review of: Drilling and Drilling Fluids, by G. V. Chilingarian and P. Vorabutr; published in 1981 by Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co., P.O. Box 211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, The Netherlands; distributed by El-sevier/North-Holland, Inc., 52 Vanderbilt Avenue, New York, N. Y. 10017; 767 pp., photos, illustrations, appendices, glossary; $136.50, U.S.: 1228.50, Rs”. Energy Sources, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 178-179, 1983.
[2] I. Imuentinyan and E. S. Adewole. “Feasibility study of the use of local clay as mud material in oil well drilling in Nigeria”. In: Africa’s Energy Corridor Oppor. Oil Gas Value Maximization Through Integration and Global Approach, Victoria Island, Lagos, vol. 2, pp. 1476-1491, 2014.
[3] A. W. A. Al-Ajeelt and S. N. Mahdi. “Sodium activation of Iraqi high grade montmorillonite clay stone by dry method”. Iraqi Bulletin of Geology and Mining, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 65-73, 2013.
[4] E. S. Al-Homadhi. “Improving local bentonite performance for drilling fluids applications”. Journal of King Saud University Engineering Sciences, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 45-52, 2007.
[5] K. A. Galindo, W. Zha, H. Zhou and J. P. Deville. “Clay-free high performance water-based drilling fluid for extreme high temperature wells”. SPE/IADC Drilling Conference and Exhibition, 17-19 March, London, England, UK, pp. 179-188, 2015.
[6] S. D. Strickland. “Polymer Drilling Fluids”. Journal of Petroleum Technology, vol. 46, no. 8, pp. 691-714, 1994.
[7] M. A. Tehrani, A. Popplestone, A. Guarneri and S. Carminati. “Water-based drilling fluid for HP/HT applications”. International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, 28 February-2 March, Houston, Texas, USA, pp. 83-92, 2007.
[8] V. Mahto and V. P. Sharma. “Tragacanth gum: An effective oil well drilling fluid additive”. Energy Sources, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 299-308, 2005.
[9] Y. Weikey, S. L. Sinha, and S. K. Dewangan. “Effect of different gums on rheological properties of slurry”. IOP Conference Series Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 310, no. 1, p. 012068, 2018.
[10] C. Vipulanandan and A. S. Mohammed. “Hyperbolic rheological model with shear stress limit for acrylamide polymer modified bentonite drilling muds”. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering., vol. 122, pp. 38-47, 2014.
[11] E. C. M. Vermolen, M. J. T. Van Haasterecht, S. K. Masalmeh, M. J. Faber, D. M. Boersma and M. Gruenenfelder. “Pushing the envelope for polymer flooding towards high-temperature and high-salinity reservoirs with polyacrylamide based ter-polymers”. SPE Middle East Oil and Gas Show and Conference, 25-28 September, Manama, Bahrain., vol. 2, pp. 1001-1009, 2011.
[12] F. García-Ochoa, V. E. Santos, J. A. Casas and E. Gómez. “Xanthan gum: Production, recovery, and properties”. Biotechnology Advances, vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 549–579, 2000.
[13] G. F. Sancet, M. Goldman, J. M. Buciak, O. Varela, N. D’Accorso, M. Fascio, V. Manzano, M. Luong. “Molecular Structure Characterization and Interaction of a Polymer Blend of Xanthan Gum-polyacrylamide to Improve Mobility-control on a Mature Polymer Flood. SPE EOR Conference at Oil and Gas West Asia, 26-28 March, Muscat, Oman, 2018.
[14] V. Mahto and V. P. Sharma. “Rheological study of a water based oil well drilling fluid”. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, vol. 45, no. 1-2, pp. 123-128, 2004.
[15] K. Benyounes, A. Mellak and A. Benchabane. “The effect of carboxymethylcellulose and xanthan on the rheology of bentonite suspensions”. Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects, vol. 32, no. 17, pp. 1634-1643, 2010.
[16] A. Benmounah, K. Benyounes, K. Chalah and D. Eddine. “Effect of Xanthan Gum and Sodium Carboxymethylcellulose on the Rheological Properties and Zeta Potential of Bentonite Suspensions. 23rd Congrès Français de Mécanique, 2017.
[17] E. U. Akpan, G. C. Enyi and G. G. Nasr. “Enhancing the performance of xanthan gum in water-based mud systems using an environmentally friendly biopolymer”. Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology, vol. 10, pp. 1933-1948, 2020.
[18] S. K. Dewangan and S. L. Sinha. “Effect of additives on the rheological properties of drilling fluid suspension formulated by bentonite with water”. International Journal of Fluid Mechanics Research, vol. 44, no. 3, pp. 195-214, 2017.
[19] J. A. Ali, K. Kolo, S. M. Sajadi, K. H. Hamad, R. Salman, M. Wanli and S. M. Hama. “Modification of rheological and filtration characteristics of water-based mud for drilling oil and gas wells using green SiO2@ZnO@Xanthan nanocomposite”. IET Nano Biotechnology, vol. 13, no.7, pp. 748-755, 2019.
[20] W. Xie and J. Lecourtier. “Xanthan behaviour in water-based drilling fluids”. Polym. Degrad. Stab., vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 155-164, 1992.
[21] Z. Rončević et al., ‘Effect of carbon sources on xanthan production by Xanthomonas spp. isolated from pepper leaves”. Food and Feed Research, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 11-21, 2019.
[22] P. F. D. Cano-Barrita and F. M. León-Martínez. “Biopolymers with viscosity-enhancing properties for concrete”. In: Biopolymers and Biotech Admixtures for Eco-Efficient Construction Materials. Elsevier. Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2016.
[23] American Petroleum Institute. “13A Specification for Drilling Fluid Materials”. 15th ed. American Petroleum Institute, Washington, DC, United States, 1993.
Published
2020-07-19
How to Cite
SOFY HUSSEIN, Bayan Qadir; ISMAEL SHARBAZHERI, Khalid Mahmood; TAYEB UBAID, Nabil Adiel. Comparison between the Effect of Local Katira Gum and Xanthan Gum on the Rheological Properties of Water-based Drilling Fluids. UHD Journal of Science and Technology, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 2, p. 18-27, july 2020. ISSN 2521-4217. Available at: <http://journals.uhd.edu.iq/index.php/uhdjst/article/view/735>. Date accessed: 20 sep. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.21928/uhdjst.v4n2y2020.pp18-27.
Section
Articles