Smart University Library Management System Based on Internet of Things

  • Sivana Salahadin Muhamad Department of Computer Science, College of Science and Technology, University of Human Development, Sulaymaniyah, KRG, Iraq. Department of Computer, College of Science, University of Sulaimani, Sulaymaniyah, KRG, Iraq
  • Aso Mohammad Darwesh Department of Information Technology, University of Human Development, Sulaymaniyah, KRG, Iraq


With the innovation of new technologies, many life concepts have been changed. However, libraries remain the same in many sides while the main role of libraries has been changed and new references may not need a classical library as it was 50 years ago. In the same time, library services can be improved using Internet of Things (IoT) to increase user satisfactions. In recent years, there has been arisen in the diversity of implementation based on radio-frequency identification (RFID) systems and has been successfully utilized in several areas such as health care and transportation. RFID-based library management system will let rapid transaction flow for the library and could prove instant and long-term benefits to library in traceability and security. To solve the problem that it is inconvenient to find references in the traditional library, a kind of reference positioning system using RFID technology is designed to achieve fast search references in the library. Searching and sorting misplaced references are a hard task often carried out by the librarians. In this paper, the performance of RFID reader motion and tags allows fast transaction flow and easily handling the process like references borrowing from library can be done using RFID technology and users will get notified using Global System for Mobile. Two big issues have been exposed and tried to find the best solution for them, first is the management process of any library, from user management to shelving system and the second one is the data and reference security. The results show that the system can quickly find the references that bookworms hid, and the references are not timely put back on the shelves. Furthermore, the new library hall design and IoT-based system improve the security.


[1] H. Ahmad. “Rfid technology in libraries : A case study of allama iqbal library, university of Kashmir”. Journal of Indian Library Association, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 109-119, 2016.
[2] A. C. Polycarpou, T. Samaras and J. N. Sahalos. An RFID-based Library Management System Using Smart Cabinets : A Pilot Project. The 8th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, United States, pp. 2-4, 2014.
[3] Balasaheb, S. B. Raju, S. S. Rajabhau, A. B. Patil and P. A. Venencia. “Performance of Rfid technology at KS Goa state central library: A case study”. Studies in Indian Place Names, vol. 40, no. 49, pp. 622-634, 2020.
[4] J. L. Liu and L. Zhu. “Library Intelligent Bookshelf Positioning System Research.” In: 4th International Conference on Mechatronics, Materials, Chemistry and Computer Engineering, Atlantis Press, Thailand, pp. 1237-1242, 2015.
[5] Y. Liu, “Design and Implementation of a Library Management System Based on RFID”. In: The 2015 International Conference on Software Engineering and Information Technology, Indiana State University, Indiana, USA, pp. 2-4, 2016.
[6] V. Sivasankar, E. Soundararajan, and S. Rajeswari. “Challenges and impacts of RFID technology in a research library”. In: Advances in Communication Systems and Networks, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2020.
[7] M. Dhanalakshmi and U. Mamatha. “RFID Based Library Management System”. pp. International Journal of Innovative Research in Advanced Engineering, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 227-234, 2009.
[8] B. T. Venkatesh and J. Priya. “RFID: The big player in the libraries of the future”. The Electronic Library, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 36-51, 2011.
[9] W. M. Shamsudin, T. M. Win and M.J.E Salami. “RFID-Based Intelligent Books”. IEEE Xplore, United States, 2007.
[10] M. Tajabadi and S. V. Azhari. “A Hybrid Privacy-preserving Mutual Authentication Protocol for RFID Traffic Management”. ICEE, United States, pp. 1889-1894, 2019.
[11] G. Sethi and A. Dharani. “Challenges of radio frequency identification technique”. Asset Works, vol. 3, no. 11, pp. 51-55, 2012.
[12] M. N. Mohammed, W. Muhamad, A. Wan, M. A. M. Ali, O. I. Al- Sanjary, and L. Raya. “Study on RFID based book tracking and library information system”. In: 2019 IEEE 15th International Colloquium on Signal Processing and Its Applications, IEEE, Malaysia, pp. 235-238, 2019.
[13] G. Ramu and Z. Mishra. “Hardware implementation of piccolo encryption algorithm for constrained RFID application”. In: 2019 9th Annual Information Technology, Electromechanical Engineering and Microelectronics Conference, IEEE, India, pp. 85-89, 2019.
[14] V. Pujari and B. Gadgay. “Smart library system using IoT”. International Journal for Research in Applied Science and Engineering Technology, vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 471-476, 2018.
[15] M. Mohammadi, M. Yegane, C. Library and Q. Branch. “IOT : Applied new technology in academic libraries”. In: International Conference on Distributed Computing and High Performance Computing (DCHP 2018) 25th-27th November, 2018, Qom, At University of Qom, Qom, pp. 1-12, 2018.
[16] A. K. Sharma. “Implementation of Rfid Technology in Library: A case study in UPES library”. Library Philosophy and Practice (E-Journal), vol. 7, pp. 70-79, 2017.
[17] L. Philosophy, R. S. Kumar and K. Kaliyaperumal. “Applications of GSM technology for documents identification in a library system”. International Journal of Academic Library and Information Science, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1-6, 2016.
[18] H. Sun and K. Chen. “A proposed model for library stacks management”. Library Collections Acquisitions and Technical Services, vol. 36, no. 1-2, pp. 24-29, 2012.
[19] L. Li. “Designing and Implementation of University Library Automatic Management System,” In: Pervasive Computing and the Networked World, International Conference, ICPCA-SWS, Istanbul, Turkey, pp. 241-247, 2014.
[20] N. Singh. “Deploying RFID Techniology in Management of Library Activities-a Case Study of College Library”. Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Tamil Nadu, pp. 331-334, 2013.
How to Cite
MUHAMAD, Sivana Salahadin; DARWESH, Aso Mohammad. Smart University Library Management System Based on Internet of Things. UHD Journal of Science and Technology, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 2, p. 63-74, aug. 2020. ISSN 2521-4217. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 20 sep. 2020. doi: