The political situations of Adiabene during the Parthian period


  • Hazha Abd-Aljabar Raza Department of Archaeology, College of Humanities, University of Sulaimani , Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Kozad Muhammad Ahmad Department of Archaeology, College of Humanities, University of Sulaimani , Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq



Adiabene, Classical sources, Lycus, Capros , Helena


Our sources of information about the kingdom of Adiabene depend on the classic writers such as (Strabo, Ptolemy, and Pliny). With the appearance of the Parthians, Adiabene was identified as a prominent and important kingdom in the Parthians Period, with its capital Arbela (modern Arbil), located between the Great and Small Zab rivers mentioned by Lykos and Kaprus, bordered by Armenia, Corduene/Gordueni (to the north). Lake Urmia (to the east), the Tigris River (to the west) and even some lands west of the Tigris, such as the city of Assyria.

Adiabene was a safe haven for the Parthian kings, especially during the reign of Isats II. The kingdom and its capital occupied a prominent place for them, as many of the bodies of the Parthian kings were buried in Arbela. Queen  of Adiabene Helena changed her religion to Judaism, followed by her sons Izats II and Monobazos II, after which the royal family moved to Jerusalem and settled there and then were buried in the Tombs of the Kings in Jerusalem. Sometimes the ruler was allowed to call himself king. For a very short period, Adiabene became a Roman kingdom when it was conquered by Trajan (98-117 AD) in 115/116 AD. Then adopting the title Adiabenicus. However, with the advent of Macrinus (217-218 AD), the conflict between the Parthian and the Ramans ended, after a treaty was concluded between the two parties.


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How to Cite

Raza, H. A.-A., & Ahmad, K. M. (2023). The political situations of Adiabene during the Parthian period. Journal of University of Human Development, 9(4), 74–80.




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