Management via Mobile is an Effective Indicator for Developing Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): Iraq as a Case Study
Keywords:SDGs, Management via Mobile, Sustainable Development, Future Management
The invention of the mobile phone was a long time ago and in the 1970s and has gone through many stages and developments to become as it is now in our hands and it have the ability to manage all business works. Now we are talking about the fourth generation mobile, which is the smart mobile phone that have the Internet access of data. These devices including cellular devices, laptops tablets, small computers, these devices have the ability to access, operate, process, exchange of data anytime and anywhere. This research aims to study the objectives of sustainable development and the effectiveness of electronic management by mobile in achieving these objectives in the best way. The objectives of sustainable development were reviewed, targeted, programmed and achieved in 2030. This research concentrated on both Internet and mobile subscribers and how to achieve both benefits for electronic management. The mobile usage are increased at last two years to reach about 8.5 Billions subscribers. In addition the mobile usage in Iraq reach its population to be about 37 Millions. The integration of business organizations that have big data with ICT technologies has led to positive and effective results in business. The mobile, now a leader in technology, has evolved significantly to make its applications impact significantly on all areas of business, including management.
 Peter Cowhey, Jonathan D. Aronson (1991), “The ITU in transition”, Telecommunications Policy, Volume 15, Issue 4, August 1991, Pages 298-310.
 Dimitris Stratigentas (2015), “Potential Abuses to the ITU Radio Regulations: The Licensing of Small Satellites”, Journal of Space Safety Engineering, Volume 2, Issue 1, June 2015, Pages 4-11.
 Hiranya K. Nath, Lirong Liu (2017), “Information and communications technology (ICT) and services trade”, Information Economics and Policy, Volume 41, December 2017, Pages 81-87.
 María Teresa García-Álvarez (2015), “Analysis of the effects of ICTs in knowledge management and innovation: The case of Zara Group”, Computers in Human Behavior, Volume 51, Part B, October 2015, Pages 994-1002.
 Montgomery Van Wart, Alexandru Roman, XiaoHu Wang, Cheol Liu (2017), “Integrating ICT adoption issues into (e-)leadership theory”, Telematics and Informatics, Volume 34, Issue 5, August 2017, Pages 527-537.
 Simin Ghavifekr, Mojgan Afshari, Saedah Siraj & Kalaivani Seger (2013), “ICT Application for Administration and Management: A Conceptual Review”, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, Volume 103, 26 November 2013, Pages 1344-1351.
 Colin Pattinson (2017), “ICT and Green Sustainability Research and Teaching”, IFAC-PapersOnLine, Volume 50, Issue 1, July 2017, Pages 12938-12943.
 Maya Hoveskog, Fawzi Halila, Marie Mattsson, Antony Upward, Niklas Karlsson (2018), “Education for Sustainable Development: Business modelling for flourishing”, Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 172, 20 January 2018, Pages 4383-4396.
 Zhe Liu, Michelle Adams, Raymond P. Cote, Yong Geng, Yongzhi Li (2018), “Comparative study on the pathways of industrial parks towards sustainable development between China and Canada”, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, Volume 128, January 2018, Pages 417-425.
 Yan Yan, Chenxing Wang, Yuan Quan, Gang Wu, Jingzhu Zhao (2018), “Urban sustainable development efficiency towards the balance between nature and human well-being: Connotation, measurement, and assessment”, Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 178, 20 March 2018, Pages 67-75.
 Ahmad Karim, Aisha Siddiqa, Zanab Safdar, Maham Razzaq, Muhammad Imran (2017), “Big data management in participatory sensing: Issues, trends and future directions”, Future Generation Computer Systems, In press, corrected proof, Available online 21 November 2017.
 Jie Sheng, Joseph Amankwah-Amoah, Xiaojun Wang (2017), “A multidisciplinary perspective of big data in management research”, International Journal of Production Economics, Volume 191, September 2017, Pages 97-112.
 Elisabetta Raguseo (2018), “Big data technologies: An empirical investigation on their adoption, benefits and risks for companies”, International Journal of Information Management, Volume 38, Issue 1, February 2018, Pages 187-195.
 Yichuan Wang, LeeAnn Kung, Terry Anthony Byrd (2018), “Big data analytics: Understanding its capabilities and potential benefits for healthcare organizations”, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Volume 126, January 2018, Pages 3-13.
Internet of Things (IoT): ITU-T has defined a global information society infrastructure, allowing advanced services to link things (physical and virtual) based on existing and evolving interoperable relationships between ICTs [16,17,18].
 Ejaz Ahmed, Ibrar Yaqoob, Ibrahim Abaker Targio Hashem, Imran Khan, Athanasios V. Vasilakos (2017), “The role of big data analytics in Internet of Things”, Computer Networks, Volume 129, Part 2, 24 December 2017, Pages 459-471.
 Konstantinos Douzis, Stelios Sotiriadis, Euripides G.M. Petrakis, Cristiana Amza (2018), “Modular and generic IoT management on the cloud”, Future Generation Computer Systems, Volume 78, Part 1, January 2018, Pages 369-378.
 Mahmoud Ammar, Giovanni Russello, Bruno Crispo (2018), “Internet of Things: A survey on the security of IoT frameworks”, Journal of Information Security and Applications, Volume 38, February 2018, Pages 8-27.
 Zheng Yan, Yanxiao Cheng, Ping Yan, Robert H. Deng (2018), “Chapter 5: Trust Management in Mobile Platforms”, Handbook of Blockchain, Digital Finance, and Inclusion, Volume 2, 2018, Pages 83-113.
 Marcelo Antonio Marotta, Leonardo Roveda Faganello, Matias Artur Klafke Schimuneck, Lisandro Zambenedetti Granville, Cristiano Bonato Both (2015), “Managing mobile cloud computing considering objective and subjective perspectives”, Computer Networks, Volume 93, Part 3, 24 December 2015, Pages 531-542.
 Hao-Yun Kao, Chun-Wang Wei, Min-Chun Yu, Tyng-Yeu Liang, Yenchun Jim Wu (2017), “Integrating a mobile health applications for self-management to enhance Telecare system”, Telematics and Informatics, In press, corrected proof, Available online 12 December 2017.
 Fatma Abdennadher, Maher Ben Jemaa (2017), “Towards an Optimized Scheme for Mobile Subscribers Based on Cloud Computing”, Procedia Computer Science, Volume 112, 2017, Pages 751-760.
 Tim Deluca-Smith (2006), “Mobile subscriber management”, Card Technology Today, Volume 18, Issues 11–12, November–December 2006, Pages 11-13.
 ITU Committed to connecting the world (2017), https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Pages/stat/default.aspx
 Ramona Sukhraj (2017), “38 Mobile Marketing Statistics to Help You Plan for 2018”, https://www.impactbnd.com/blog/mobile-marketing-statistics
 ITU /ICT (2017), Mobile cellular subscriptions, https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/IT.CEL.SETS.P2
 The Statistics Portal (2017), Number of mobile cellular subscriptions in Iraq https://www.statista.com/statistics/498374/number-of-mobile-cellular-subscriptions-in-iraq/
 Fatima Annan-Diab, Carolina Molinari (2017), “Interdisciplinarity: Practical approach to advancing education for sustainability and for the Sustainable Development Goals”, The International Journal of Management Education, Volume 15, Issue 2, Part B, July 2017, Pages 73-83.
 Sylvia L.R. Wood, Sarah K. Jones, Justin A. Johnson, Kate A. Brauman, Fabrice A. DeClerck (2018), “Distilling the role of ecosystem services in the Sustainable Development Goals”, Ecosystem Services, Volume 29, Part A, February 2018, Pages 70-82.
 Aysha Fleming, Russell M. Wise, Heidi Hansen, Linda Sams (2017), “The sustainable development goals: A case study”, Marine Policy, Volume 86, December 2017, Pages 94-103.
 Wen Xiao, Jon Mills, Gabriele Guidi, Pablo Rodríguez-Gonzálvez, Diego González-Aguilera (2018), “Geoinformatics for the conservation and promotion of cultural heritage in support of the UN Sustainable Development Goals”, ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, In press, corrected proof, Available online 12 January 2018.
 Tomáš Hák, Svatava Janoušková, Bedřich Moldan (2016), “Sustainable Development Goals: A need for relevant indicators”, Ecological Indicators, Volume 60, January 2016, Pages 565-573.
 Camila Gianella, Marta Rodriguez de Assis Machado, Siri Gloppen (2017), “Political determinants of Sustainable Development Goals”, The Lancet, Volume 390, Issue 10112, 9–15 December 2017, Pages 2545-2546.