Personalized Skincare: Correlating Genetics with Skin Phenotypes through DNA Analysis


  • Sirwan Aziz Akbar Department of Pharmacy, Sulaimani Technical Institute, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Shkar M J Hassan Department of Pharmacy, Sulaimani Technical Institute, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Zana Muhamad Raoof Department of Pediatric Nursing, Sulaimani Technical Institute, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • Mudhafar Mohamed M. Saeed Department of Anesthesia, Sulaimani Technical Institute, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Iraq



DNA sequencing, Fitzpatrick skin type classification, Genetic predispositions, Genetic mapping, Personalized skincare solutions


Genetic mapping through DNA sequencing for skin represents a novel method to elucidate detailed information regarding the relationship between genes and skin. This method analyzes genetic influences on various skin characteristics, crucial in the skin aging process. In this study, we aimed to explore the efficacy and potential of skin DNA sequencing as a valuable tool in dermatological research. Employing a purposive sampling method based on diverse skin types, we sought to ensure representativeness within the target population. The sample comprised four different skin types (five participants), selected to encompass a wide range of ages and diverse racial backgrounds. We precisely controlled for potential confounding factors such as age, gender, and race in study design. All participants exhibited consistent Fitzpatrick skin type classifications based on questionnaire responses and measurements from the Automatic Plasma Skin Type Analyzer or melanin reader. This consistency underscores the reliability of the Fitzpatrick skin type classification technique for determining skin phenotypes. Such classification holds significant importance in clinical research, guiding professionals and consumers in selecting suitable cosmetic products and skincare regimens. Furthermore, our study investigated into participants’ skin characteristics and their genetic predispositions to various skin-related attributes including dermal sensitivity, protection against glycation, antioxidant capacity, freckles, and cellulite. DNA skin tests offer critical insights into understanding and managing one’s unique skin traits. Our findings highlight the substantial impact of genetics on skin attributes. Notably, our observations indicate that individuals with similar skin types may harbor distinct genetic predispositions, underscoring the necessity for personalized skincare approaches. The results aim to empower clients, dermatologists, and beauty consultants to make knowledgeable skincare decisions based on genetic factors. The reliability of the Fitzpatrick skin type classification technique was validated through both questionnaire-based assessments and measurements from the Automatic Plasma Skin Type Analyzer or melanin reader, affirming its consistency and accuracy in describing participants’ skin phenotypes. In summary, our study contributes to a deeper understanding of skin health and equips individuals, dermatologists, and beauty consultants to make knowledgeable skincare choices based on genetic insights.


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How to Cite

Akbar, S. A., Hassan, S. M. J., Raoof, Z. M., & Saeed, M. M. M. (2024). Personalized Skincare: Correlating Genetics with Skin Phenotypes through DNA Analysis. UHD Journal of Science and Technology, 8(1), 151–163.