Assessment of Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety among Menopause Women in Sulaimani City, Kurdistan: Cross-sectional Study


  • Araz Mohammed Abdulkarim Department of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, College of Nursing, University of Sulaimani, City of Sulaimani, Iraq
  • Mahabat Hassan Saeed Department of Maternal Neonate Nursing, College of Nursing, University of Sulaimani, City of Sulaimani, Iraq
  • Akam Mustafa Hassan Department of Anaesthesia, College of Health and Medical Technology, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, City of Sulaimani, Iraq



Menopause, Depression, Anxiety


Menopause represents a pivotal developmental juncture in a woman’s life, characterized by a spectrum of physiological alterations and the potential emergence of depressive symptomatology. The manifestation of anxiety and depression during the menopausal phase is intricate and influenced by a confluence of biological, social, and psychological determinants. This study aims to assess depression and anxiety among menopausal women while elucidating their associations with various sociodemographic attributes. A cross-sectional study was executed at the Ali Kamal Consultation Center, encompassing 126 menopausal women. Data compilation utilized a structured questionnaire encompassing sections on sociodemographic particulars, menopausal symptoms, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Statistical analysis employing SPSS version 25 encompassed frequency and percentage along with Chi-square tests. A substantial proportion of women (72.5%) reported prevalent anxiety, with a noteworthy 74.2% exhibiting discernible signs of depression. Sociodemographic determinants, including age and age at marriage, body mass index, and marital status, exhibited robust associations with anxiety and depression. The prevalence of depression and anxiety symptoms in menopausal women underscores the imperative for targeted interventions. Sociodemographic variables emerged as pivotal determinants influencing the likelihood of developing these psychological symptoms. Notably, occupation and place of residence exhibited no statistically significant correlations.


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How to Cite

Abdulkarim, A. M., Saeed, M. H., & Hassan, A. M. (2024). Assessment of Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety among Menopause Women in Sulaimani City, Kurdistan: Cross-sectional Study. UHD Journal of Science and Technology, 8(1), 115–121.