Comparison between the Effect of Local Katira Gum and Xanthan Gum on the Rheological Properties of Water-based Drilling Fluids


  • Bayan Qadir Sofy Hussein Department of Engineering, Kurdistan Institution for Strategic Study and Scientific Research, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani, Iraq
  • Khalid Mahmood Ismael Sharbazheri Department of Engineering, Kurdistan Institution for Strategic Study and Scientific Research
  • Nabil Adiel Tayeb Ubaid Department of Petroleum and Energy Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Sulaimani Polytechnic University, Sulaimani, Iraq



Drilling mud, Polymer, Rheological properties, Xanthan gum, Katira gum


The rheological properties of drilling fluids have an important role in providing a stable wellbore and eliminating the borehole problems. Several materials including polymers (xanthan gum) can be used to improve these properties. In this study, the effect of the local Katira, as a new polymer, on the rheological properties of the drilling fluids prepared as the bentonite-water-based mud has been investigated in comparison with the conventional xanthan gum. Experimental work was done to study of rheological properties of several gums such as, local katira gum, and xanthan gum bentonite drilling mud. Different samples of drilling fluids are prepared adding the xanthan gum and local katira to the base drilling fluid at different concentrations using Hamilton Beach mixer. The prepared samples are passed through rheological property tests including the apparent viscosity, plastic viscosity, and yield point (YP) under different temperature conditions. The obtained results show that the viscosity is increased from 5 to 8.5 cp and YP is increased from 18.5 to 30.5 lb/100 ft2, with increasing the concentration of the xanthan gum from 0.1 to 0.4. However, the effect of the local katira in increasing the viscosity and YP is lower compared with the xanthan gum, which are ranged between 5–6 cp and 18.5–20.5 cp.


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