An Efficient Two-layer based Technique for Content-based Image Retrieval

  • Fawzi Abdul Azeez Salih Department of Computer Science, College of Science, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani,Iraq
  • Alan Anwer Abdulla Department of Information Technology, College of Commerce, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Iraq. Department of Information Technology, University College of Goizha, Sulaimani, Iraq


The rapid advancement and exponential evolution in the multimedia applications raised the attentional research on content-based image retrieval (CBIR). The technique has a significant role for searching and finding similar images to the query image through extracting the visual features. In this paper, an approach of two layers of search has been developed which is known as two-layer based CBIR. The first layer is concerned with comparing the query image to all images in the dataset depending on extracting the local feature using bag of features (BoF) mechanism which leads to retrieve certain most similar images to the query image. In other words, first step aims to eliminate the most dissimilar images to the query image to reduce the range of search in the dataset of images. In the second layer, the query image is compared to the images obtained in the first layer based on extracting the (texture and color)-based features. The Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) and Local Binary Pattern (LBP) were used as texture features. However, for the color features, three different color spaces were used, namely RGB, HSV, and YCbCr. The color spaces are utilized by calculating the mean and entropy for each channel separately. Corel-1K was used for evaluating the proposed approach. The experimental results prove the superior performance of the proposed concept of two-layer over the current state-of-the-art techniques in terms of precision rate in which achieved 82.15% and 77.27% for the top-10 and top-20, respectively.


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How to Cite
SALIH, Fawzi Abdul Azeez; ABDULLA, Alan Anwer. An Efficient Two-layer based Technique for Content-based Image Retrieval. UHD Journal of Science and Technology, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 1, p. 28-40, apr. 2021. ISSN 2521-4217. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 10 may 2021. doi: