A Cognitive-Semantic Study of Conceptual Metaphors in English News Reports


  • Hoshang Farooq Jawad Department of English, College of Basic Education, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region – F.R. Iraq
  • Aram Kamil Noori Institute of Training and Educational Development, Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region – F.R. Iraq




conceptual metaphor, source domain, target domain, invariance principle, news reports


This study explores how the development of the conceptual metaphor theory opened new horizons into the way language can be manipulated in the portrayal of the world and our immediate and distant environment of which news, including political news are part. Moreover, political news is the most pervasive type we continually come into contact in our daily communication.  Conceptual metaphor is a relation between two conceptual domains, namely, source domain which is concrete, and target domain which is abstract. For example, ARGUMENT IS WAR. We conceptualize and understand "ARGUMENT", the target domain, in terms of "WAR", and the source domain via a process called "mapping". The goal of the study is to carry out a cognitive analysis of conceptual metaphors used in political news reports and how reports of the two newspapers construe political issues reflected in their reports. Accordingly, the study aims to provide answers to such questions as:  How common are conceptual metaphors in English news reports of the online political register?  What types of conceptual metaphors are used in news reports in English newspapers?  How conceptual metaphors are experimentally based to human beings' life experiences? Based upon these research questions, it is hypothesized that Conceptual metaphors are argued to be as common in the news reports of the political register as they are in daily conversational language. Some types of conceptual metaphors are argued to be more common than others in the register in question. Moreover, all the conceptual metaphors are argued to have experiential bases which are related to our life experiences.

Index Terms— conceptual metaphor, source domain, target domain, invariance principle, news reports.


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