Hematological Impacts of the Traffic Emissions in Sulaymaniyah Governorate

  • Dunya Hars Bapir Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq
  • Salih Ahmed Hama College of Health Sciences; University of Human Development, Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan Region of Iraq

Abstract

Abstract


The current study was achieved to evaluate the essential hematologic impacts of traffic emission. Ninety-six cases were studied included both exposures and controls. The focal point was on Raparin District in Sulaimani Governorates. A questioner form was depended for collecting information about each case. Fresh venous blood (5ml) were collected aseptically from both exposures and controls. Hematologic Autoanalyzer (Coulter) was used for hematologic investigations. It appeared that the mean leukocyte counts were higher among exposures in comparison to controls; the period of exposure and smoking were significantly effective on total white cells. Lymphocyte counts were significantly declined among exposures. It appeared that the distance from the emission gas sources, smoking, and period of exposure was significantly effective on the total lymphocyte counts (p<0.05). No valuable effects of traffic emission were noticed on granulocytes in general (p>0.05), although the neutrophil counts were significantly higher among exposure. It was concluded that traffic emission has no significant effects on Red cell profiles, including red cell numbers, Hb, HCT, RDW, MCH in general (p>0.05). The current study revealed that there were no noticeable effects of traffic emission, generally on the total platelet counts between exposures and controls. It has concluded that the distance from the emission sources was significantly effective on platelet counts among exposures themselves (p<0.05).  

References

[1] M. Franchini and P. M. Mannucci. “Thrombogenicity and cardiovascular effects of ambient air pollution”. Journal of Blood, vol. 118, no. 9, p. 2405, 2011.
[2] R. Khan and A. Agarwal. “Modulatory effect of Vitamine E and C on nitrogen dioxide induced hematotoxicity in both the sexes of wistar rats”. International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 46-50, 2016.
[3] N. Boussettaa, S. Abedelmalekc, H. Mallekd, K. Alouie and N. Souissiaa. “Effect of air pollution and time of day onperformance, heart rate hematologicalparameters and blood gases, following theYYIRT-1 in smoker and non-smoker soccerplayers”. Science and Sports, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 1-14, 2018.
[4] P. Ahlawat. “Effect of sulphur dioxide exposure on haematological parameters in albino rats”. Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 58-60, 2016.
[5] C. Tan, Y. Wang, M. Lin, Z. Wang, L. He, Z. Li, Li, Y and K. Xu. “Longterm high air pollution exposure induced metabolic adaptations in traffic policemen”. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, vol. 58, no. 16, pp. 156-162, 2018.
[6] R. M. Kartheek and M. David. “Modulations in haematological aspects of wistar rats exposed to sublethal doses of fipronil under subchronic duration”. Journal of Pharmaceutical, Chemical and Biological Sciences, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 187-194, 2017.
[7] C. Jephcote and A. Mah. “Regional inequalities in benzene exposures across the European petrochemical industry: A Bayesian multilevel modelling approach”. Environment International, vol. 132, no. 104812, pp. 1-17, 2019.
[8] Bahaoddini and M. Saadat. “Hematological changesdue to chronic exposure to natural gasleakage in polluted areasof Masjid-i-Sulaiman (Khozestan province, Iran)”. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, vol. 58, no. 2, pp. 273-276, 2004.
[9] Kamal, A. Cincinelli, T. Martellini and R. N. Malik. “Linking mobile source-PAHs and biological effects in traffic police officers and drivers in Rawal pindi (Pakistan)”. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, vol. 127, pp. 135-143, 2016.
[10] G. M. Farris, S. N. Robinson, B. A. Wong, V. A. Wong, W. P. Hahn and R. Shah. “Effects of benzene on splenic, thymic, and femoral lymphocytes in mice”. Toxicology, vol. 118, no. 2-3, pp. 137-148, 1997.
[11] T. Honda, C. V. Puna, J. Manjourides and H. Suhb. “Anemia prevalence and hemoglobin levels are associated with long-term exposure to air pollution in an older population”. Environment International, vol. 101, no. 4, pp. 125-132, 2017.
[12] A. Masih, A. Lall, A. Taneja and R. Singhvi. “Exposure profiles, seasonal variation and health risk assessment of BTEX in indoor air of homes at different microenvironments of a terai province of northern India”. Chemosphere, vol. 176, no. 2, pp. 8-17, 2017.
[13] M. Abu-Elmagd, M. Alghamdi, M. Shamy, M. Khoder, M. Costa, M. Assidi, R. Kadam, H. Alsehli, M. Gari, P. N. Pushparaj, G. Kalamegam and M. H. Al-Qahtani. “Evaluation of the effects of airborne particulate matter on bone marrow-mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs): Cellular, molecular and systems biological approaches”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 14, no. 4, p. 440, 2017.
[14] J. Reisa and S. Martel. “Acute exposure guideline levels for selected airborne. In: Acute Exposure Guideline Levels, National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council (US) Committee, Washington DC, USA, p. 178, 2014.
[15] L. Ton. “Platelet neutrophil interactions as drivers of inflammatory and thrombotic disease”. Cell and Tissue Research, vol. 371, pp. 567-576, 2018.
[16] E. Wigenstama, L. Elfsmarka, A. Buchta and S. Jonassona. “Inhaled sulfur dioxide causes pulmonary and systemic inflammation leading tochemical-induced lung injury”. Toxicology, vol. 368-369, no. 4, pp. 28-36, 2016.
[17] Ö. Etlik and A. Tomur. “The oxidant effects of hyperbaric oxygenation and air pollution in erythrocyte membranes (hyperbaric oxygenation in air pollution)”. European Journal of General Medicine, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 21-28, 2006.
[18] P. Poursafa, R. Kelishadi, A. Amini, Amini, A. M. Amin, M. Lahijanzadeh and M. Modaresi. “Association of air pollution and hematologic parameters in children and adolescents”. Jornal de Pediatria, vol. 87, no. 4, pp. 350-356, 2011.
[19] Gorriz, S. Llacuna, M. Riera and J. Nadal. “Effects of air pollution on hematological and plasma parameters in apodemus sylvaticus and mus musculus”. Archievs of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 153-158, 1996.
[20] G. L. Walter. “Effects of carbon dioxide inhalation on hematology, coagulation, and serum clinical chemistry values in rats”. Toxicologic Pathology, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 217-225, 1999.
[21] Q. Sun, X. Hong and L. E. Wold. “Cardiovascular effects of ambient particulate air”. Circulation Journal, vol. 121, no. 25, pp. 2755-2765, 2010.
[22] M. Kargarfard, A. Shariat, B. Shaw, I. Shaw, T. Lam, A. Kheiri, A. Eatemadyboroujeni and S. M. Tamrin. “Effects of polluted air on cardiovascular and hematological parameters after progressive maximal aerobic ex”. Lung Journal, vol. 193, no. 2, pp. 275-281, 2015.
[23] M. Nikolić, D. Nikić and A. Stanković. “Effects of air pollution on red blood cells in children”. Polish Journal of Environmental Study, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 267-271, 2008.
[24] M. Zain and S. Aitte. “Study of changes in blood parameters and calculation of PCT, MPV and DPW for the platelets of laboratory females and males of albino mice during exposure to doses of pyrethriodpesticide (alphacypermethrin)”. IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 71-78, 2019.
[25] Y. Budak, M. Polat and K. Huysal. “The use of platelet indices, plateletcrit, mean platelet volume and platelet distribution width in emergency non-traumatic abdominal surgery: A systematic review”. Biochemical Medicine (Zagreb), vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 178-193, 2016.
Published
2020-04-25
How to Cite
BAPIR, Dunya Hars; HAMA, Salih Ahmed. Hematological Impacts of the Traffic Emissions in Sulaymaniyah Governorate. UHD Journal of Science and Technology, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 1, p. 81-86, apr. 2020. ISSN 2521-4217. Available at: <http://journals.uhd.edu.iq/index.php/uhdjst/article/view/728>. Date accessed: 13 july 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.21928/uhdjst.v4n1y2020.pp81-86.
Section
Articles