Hematological Impacts of the Traffic Emissions in Sulaymaniyah Governorate


  • Dunya Hars Bapir Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq
  • Salih Ahmed Hama College of Health Sciences; University of Human Development, Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan Region of Iraq




Traffic Emission, Hematology, Lymphocytes, Complete Blood Count



The current study was achieved to evaluate the essential hematologic impacts of traffic emission. Ninety-six cases were studied included both exposures and controls. The focal point was on Raparin District in Sulaimani Governorates. A questioner form was depended for collecting information about each case. Fresh venous blood (5ml) were collected aseptically from both exposures and controls. Hematologic Autoanalyzer (Coulter) was used for hematologic investigations. It appeared that the mean leukocyte counts were higher among exposures in comparison to controls; the period of exposure and smoking were significantly effective on total white cells. Lymphocyte counts were significantly declined among exposures. It appeared that the distance from the emission gas sources, smoking, and period of exposure was significantly effective on the total lymphocyte counts (p<0.05). No valuable effects of traffic emission were noticed on granulocytes in general (p>0.05), although the neutrophil counts were significantly higher among exposure. It was concluded that traffic emission has no significant effects on Red cell profiles, including red cell numbers, Hb, HCT, RDW, MCH in general (p>0.05). The current study revealed that there were no noticeable effects of traffic emission, generally on the total platelet counts between exposures and controls. It has concluded that the distance from the emission sources was significantly effective on platelet counts among exposures themselves (p<0.05).  


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