Challenges and Opportunities of Teaching Literature in Kurdistan Region of Iraq


  • Saman Ali Mohammed Department of English, College of Languages, University of Human Development. Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region – F.R. Iraq
  • Shamal Abu Baker Hussein MA in English Literature (Lecturer at Sulaimany High Industrial School)
  • Inaad Mutlib Sayer Department of English, College of Languages, University of Human Development. Sulaimani, Kurdistan Region – F.R. Iraq



Literature, Teaching Literature, Methods of Teaching, Literature Teachers, Challenges


This study aims to investigate the challenges literature teachers in Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) face and the factors underlying the challenges while teaching literature. This paper is based on a questionnaire which consists of twenty items; 17 items are statements that require the participants’ responses on a five-point scale and the other three items are open-answer questions about literature in general. The study implemented a mixed approach: a quantitative approach to analyse the responses of the participants to the 17 on a five-point scale and a qualitative approach to analyse the responses to the remaining three open-answer questions. The results of the study showed that method of teaching is the most challenging component of literature teaching. The material taught is the second highest contributing factor to literature teaching challenges in KRI. Then, the external factors and the students are medium challenges respectively. Teachers are the least contributing factors in this regard. Analysis of the open-answer questions revealed that teaching literature is rewarding intellectually, philosophically, aesthetically and socially. It also exposed the concerns of a few respondents on how a literature class should be if they are given a choice to be in one.



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